German information strategy in the era of big data

Abstract Germany is one of the world's major economic powers and one of the countries in the EU that attach importance to information construction and informationization. In order to meet the new challenges of the information society, to ensure that Germany is in the leading position in Europe in the era of big data, on August 20, 2014, the German Federation...
Germany is one of the world's major economic powers and one of the countries in the EU that value information construction and information. In order to meet the new challenges of the information society and ensure Germany's leading position in Europe in the era of big data, on August 20, 2014, the German Federal Government Cabinet was adopted by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure Construction. The joint launch of the "2014-2017 Digital Agenda" proposes three important processes to promote "network popularization", "cyber security" and "digital economic development" in the course of change, hoping to create an internationally competitive "digital power". Whether it is the previous information society development strategy or the current digital agenda, Germany has always maintained a high degree of attention in the areas of Internet infrastructure construction, data security protection, and mining of digital value creation potential in public management and the use of the national economy. The measures provided strong support for Germany's entry into the era of big data.

Internet infrastructure construction lays the foundation for big data development

To drive the rapid development of big data, the network infrastructure needs to reach a high level. At the end of the last century, Germany began to vigorously build Internet infrastructure and achieved remarkable results. In the 1999 Action Plan for Innovation and Job Opportunities in the Information Society in the 21st Century, Germany proposed three goals of the Action Plan: the development of a higher-speed Internet infrastructure and the implementation of the “Internet for All” project. Helping vulnerable groups who are not exposed to the Internet can also access the Internet. From this commanding program of action, it can be seen that Internet infrastructure construction is considered to be the primary task and basic task for Germany to meet the challenges of the information society. In February 2009, Germany announced the main goals and initiatives of the “Broadband Strategy” and sought to expand the German broadband network into a high-speed, competitive network. In the 2010 German ict strategy: Digital Germany 2015, Germany proposed to expand digital infrastructure and networks to meet future needs. In order to further meet the digital needs and build the necessary digital infrastructure, in the recent Digital Agenda 2014-2017, Germany decided to popularize high-speed broadband throughout the country by 2018.

With the continuous strengthening of policies, in recent years, Germany's Internet infrastructure has been at the forefront of the times. In 1998, there were only 14 million Internet users in Germany, and only 15% of schools connected to the Internet. By 2009, according to the Digital German Monitoring Report issued by the German Ministry of Economics and Technology, the popularity of German home Internet access The rate reached 79.1%, the household computer penetration rate was 84.1%, and the mass radio telephone penetration rate was 130.9%. By the end of 2012, Germany had built a fourth-generation mobile communication network (4g) in 100 cities, greatly improving the speed of Internet access for residents.

Promote scientific decision-making and social innovation with data openness

For government management, the value of big data lies in providing as much detailed information as possible and effective analysis of information to promote scientific decision-making and management refinement. With its own high level of informatization, Germany attaches great importance to the use of data resources to serve the public and service decisions in government management through the construction of large-scale basic databases and local databases. As early as 2000, Germany issued the "Federal Government Online Plan 2005", requiring the federal government to provide all available online services to the public by 2005. In June 2003, Germany launched the “German Online” program to integrate e-government, strengthen the construction of basic databases and local databases, integrate and integrate a large number of scattered information resources, and provide more convenient data services to the public with the guidance of public demand. The construction and opening of the database reflects the direction that Germany has always advocated “letting data instead of letting citizens run the road” and effectively providing convenience to the public; the construction and opening of the database also provides a basis for scientific decision-making by local governments. In the construction of the database, the development and construction of basic database resources involving population resources, economic society, geographical environment, etc., are mainly undertaken by the federal and state governments, and the statistical office at the state level has the role of a comprehensive information service provider of the state government. For example, the North Rhine-Westphalia Statistical Office in western Germany has established the state's “central database”, which provides information services such as population distribution, geographic data, and mineral information to the state government, and provides analytical software. Through the analysis of large amounts of data by application software, various departments of the state government can obtain a lot of valuable information to promote the scientific decision-making. The establishment of a similar large-scale database will integrate a large amount of data scattered among various government departments, so that German government information resources are well utilized.

In addition to emphasizing the use of databases in government systems, Germany also values ​​the sharing of information resources between industries. For example, in January 2013, in order to improve the digital information support capabilities in research and education, the German Association of Scientific Organizations launched the second digital information plan, which mainly includes the collection of scientific research data by professional information science and information technology methods. , storage and open sharing, ensuring that scientific research data for research purposes is not restricted by access, and that permanent preservation of digital publications is achieved. It can be seen that the use of data resources in Germany is not limited to the opening and provision of data itself. Data is a strong support for promoting more efficient operation of the government and more creative capacity of the society. It supports and promotes data openness. Social innovation can better play the value of data.

"Industry 4.0" and digital upgrade of traditional manufacturing

The “Industry 4.0” concept first appeared at the Hannover Messe in Germany in 2011. In 2013, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology formally incorporated the “Industry 4.0” strategy into the “High Technology Strategy 2020”. Germany believes that the industrial revolution can be divided into four stages. The third industrial revolution introduced electronics and information technology. On this basis, if Germany can widely apply the Internet of Things and service networks to the manufacturing field, it can be realized in smart factories. The seamless integration of the digital and physical systems allows Germany to take the lead in the fourth industrial revolution and consolidate Germany's competitive position. Germany's "Industry 4.0" strategy slogans "ensure the future of German manufacturing" is a strategy that Germany closely integrates the characteristics of the information age with the historical process of industrialization.

The implementation of “Industry 4.0” focuses on the combination of information interconnection technology and traditional industrial manufacturing. Through the interconnection between machinery and machinery and the flow of information, the future production process will become faster. According to estimates by the German National Academy of Science and Engineering, “Industry 4.0” can increase the productivity of enterprises by 30%. Under the "Industry 4.0" strategy, if the production enterprises can enhance the processing power of big data, the entire industry can move toward a new stage of digitization and informationization.

Do a model of data protection and information security

Due to the rigorous national characteristics, Germany vigorously promotes information construction on the one hand, and attaches great importance to data protection and information security on the other hand. It is a major feature of Germany to ensure the security of information through legislation. Germany's data protection laws are relatively systematic and standardized, and are known as "a model of European information security." In 1997, Germany enacted a law that comprehensively regulates Internet information dissemination behaviors - the Information and Communication Services Regulations Act. In 2002, Germany passed the Federal Data Protection Act and was revised in 2009. The Federal Data Protection Act is a German special law on data protection, which stipulates that information owners have the right to know which personal information is recorded, who gets it, and for what purpose. Private organizations must do this before recording information. A situation informs the information owner that if someone causes harm to the information owner due to illegal or improper acquisition, processing, or use of personal information, the person is liable. After the amendment of the Federal Data Protection Law came into effect, more German companies began to implement high-level protection measures for customer information, improving the confidentiality and security of customer information. In the "2014-2017 Digital Agenda", Germany further proposed that the Basic Regulations on Information Protection be issued at the latest in 2015. In addition to legislation, Germany also strengthens information security in the era of big data through a series of strategic programs and specific actions.

A series of information security strategies have improved Germany's ability to safely use big data. At present, the mail system of large German enterprises and government departments has already used mail encryption technology; in the future, the information sent by ordinary email users will gradually be transmitted using encryption technology, and the data information will be stored in the data center in Germany. In the era of big data, Germany will further strengthen digital security construction toward the goal of localization of encryption technology.

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